تطبیق برنامه دروس گرافیک مهندسی با رویکردهای مدرن طراحی با استفاده از یک روش داده‌کاوی هایبریدی مبتنی بر به‌کارگیری تابع کیفیت و تحلیل چندمعیاره DEMATEL به‌صورت فازی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی مرکز گرافیک مهندسی ، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف ، تهران، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی مرکز گرافیک مهندسی، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران، ایران

10.22047/ijee.2020.212668.1708

چکیده

 درس نقشه‌کشی همواره به‌عنوان یک آموزش پایه و اجباری در برنامه درسی رشته‌های مهندسی مطرح بوده است. تغییر رویکرد طراحی مهندسی در سال‌های اخیر از روش خطی مرحله‌ای به سمت مهندسی همزمان، که در آن کلیه افراد شاغل در پروژه در قالب یک تیم یکپارچه عمل می‌کنند، همواره این سؤال را مطرح می‌کند که آیا همچنان به آموزش گرافیک مهندسی مانند گذشته نیاز هست یا خیر و چنانچه نیاز وجود دارد، محتوای آن چه تغییراتی باید داشته باشد؟ روش پیشنهادی در این پژوهش یک روش هایبریدی پردازش داده‌هاست که بر مبنای به‌کارگیری تابع کیفیت (QFD) - به‌عنوان روشی بسیار ساده، مؤثر و کارا در طراحی محصول مطابق نیازهای مشتریان - پایه‌ریزی شده است. یکی از نقاط ضعف اساسی روش QFD فرض استقلال بین ویژگی‌های فنی محصول است که برای برطرف کردن آن، روش DEMATEL با این مدل ترکیب و همچنین برای هر چه قانونمندتر بودن اولویت‌بندی نیازها، از روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که گرافیک مهندسی همچنان به‌عنوان یک درس ضروری در آموزش مهندسی مدرن مطرح است، لیکن محتوای آن باید متناسب با نیازهای جدید تغییر کند. این تغییرات در بخش نتایج ارائه و سرفصل دروس جدید پیشنهاد شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

ADAPTATION OF ENGINEERING GRAPHICS COURSES TO MODERN DESIGN APPROACHES USING A HYBRID DATA MINING METHOD BASED ON QFD AND FUZZY DEMATE

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Haghshenas Gorgani 1
  • Alireza Jahantigh Pak 2
1 Engineering Graphics Center, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 Engineering Graphics Center, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Graphics is a real and complete language used in the engineering design process. Therefore, the engineering drawing has always been considered as a basic and compulsory course in the engineering curriculum. The advances of the digital age and changes in design approach of engineering in recent years, from the step-by-step to concurrent engineering, where all project people work in a unified team, always raise the question of whether There is still a need for engineering graphic training as in the past, and if any, what changes its content should make. The proposed method is a hybrid data processing method based on the use of QFD - as a very simple and efficient method of designing a product to meet customer needs. One of the major weaknesses of the QFD method is the assumption of independence between the product’s technical features. AHP & then DEMATEL technique are combined with QFD, to overcome this problem. The appropriateness of the results with the human mental processes is ensured through the application of fuzzy logic.  The results show that engineering graphics continue to be an essential course in modern engineering education, but its content must be adapted to meet new needs. These changes are suggested in the results section and the new syllabus is presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Engineering Graphics
  • Concurrent Engineering
  • Curriculum
  • DEMATEL
  • QFD
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