نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشکده هنر و معماری دانشگاه شیراز

10.22047/ijee.2020.211285.1705

چکیده

بیش از شش سال از تصویب آخرین بازنگری در محتوای آموزشی دوره کارشناسی ارشد دو رشته طراحی و برنامه‌ریزی شهری می‌گذرد. در این مدت تغییرات شگرفی در جهان پیرامون حوزه‌های مختلف رخ داده که از جمله مهم‌ترین آنها در حوزه محیط زیست و ابزارهای سنجش عملکرد محیط زیستی است. مطالعه حاضر برای ارزیابی دانش محیط زیستی در برنامه درسی این دو رشته انجام شده است. هدف این پژوهش دستیابی به اجماع درباره نحوه محتوا و شیوه کارآمد آموزش مسائل محیط زیستی به دانشجویان رشته شهرسازی بود و با استفاده از روش تحقیق توصیفی پیمایشی انجام شد. پرسشنامه تهیه شده با استفاده از روش تحقیق دلفی در میان 12 نفر از استادان دو رشته یادشده به نظرسنجی گذاشته و در مرحله نهایی راهکارهای پیشنهادی در زمینه محتوا و شیوه آموزش ارائه شده است. نتایج پژوهش ضرورت بازنگری در برنامه آموزشی این دو رشته را نشان داده و دو روش پیشنهادی تغییر در محتوای دروس با ایجاد رویکردهای زیست‌محیطی یا تعریف یک درس جدید در زمینه مسائل محیط زیستی را مطرح ساخته است. بدین ترتیب، نتایج به‌دست آمده می‌تواند از دو نظر برای پرکردن خلأ موجود در زمینه آموزش محیط زیست در رشته‌های مذکور استفاده شود. در وجه اول به‌صورت آموزش مستقیم، مبانی لازم برای تدوین سرفصل درس پیشنهادی محیط زیست در برنامه درسی مصوب دو رشته فراهم و در وجه دوم به‌صورت آموزش غیرمستقیم، مباحث سه‌گانه پیشنهادی دانش و مفاهیم پایه، دستورالعمل‌ها و راهکارها و ابزارهای سنجش، در سرفصل فعلی دروس، به‌ویژه دروس کارگاه‌های طراحی و برنامه‌ریزی شهری و روش‌ها و فنون طراحی گنجانده شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL KNOWLEDGE IN THE MASTER’S DEGREE CURRICULUM OF URBAN DESIGN AND URBAN PLANNING COURSES

نویسنده [English]

  • roza vakilinezhad

faculty of art and architecture, shiraz university, shiraz, iran

چکیده [English]


More than six years has passed since the last revision of the Master’s Degree Curriculum for urban design and urban planning courses. During this time, dramatic universal changes have taken place in various fields, most notably in the field of environment and environmental assessment tools. The present study aims to evaluate the environmental knowledge in the curriculum of these two courses. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on the content and efficient method to teach environmental issues to urban planning and urban design students. Using descriptive survey and Delphi research method, data are gathered from the questionnaires filled by 12 professors. Finally, a proposed instruction about the content and teaching method is provided. The results indicate the necessity of revising the curriculum of these two courses by change in the current syllabus, providing environmental approach or by defining a new lesson about environmental issues. Thus, the obtained results could be used from two perspectives to fill the gap of environmental training in these fields. In the first perspective, the essential basics for compiling the syllabus of the proposed environmental course in the approved curriculums are provided in the form of direct training. The second one is in the form of indirect training in which the three proposed topics of basic knowledge and concepts, instructions and solutions, and measurement tools are included in the current courses, especially in the courses for urban design and planning workshops and design methods and techniques.


کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Urban Design Education
  • Master Degree
  • Urban planning
  • Urban Design
  • environmental knowledge
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