نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی/ دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

2 مهندسی شی، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

3 دانشکده مهندسی شیمی، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر (پلی تکنیک تهران)، تهران، ایران

10.22047/ijee.2020.239665.1760

چکیده

آزمون جامع دکتری در مرحله گذار از بخش آموزشی به بخش پژوهشی برگزار می‌شود. هدف از اجرای این آزمون ارزیابی توانمندی‌هایی است که دانشجو در بخش آموزشی کسب کرده است. در این تحقیق یک مطالعه تطبیقی و مقایسه‌ای در زمینه اهمیت و اجرای آزمون جامع دکتری در دانشگاه‌های منتخب آمریکا و ایران انجام شده است. با توجه به آنکه این آزمون یک آزمون تخصصی است، این مطالعه برای رشته مهندسی شیمی انجام شده است. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که در دانشگاه‌های منتخب آمریکا و دانشگاه‌های منتخب ایران آزمون جامع به‌صورت کتبی یا شفاهی یا ترکیبی از هر دو برگزار می‌شود. در بیشتر دانشگاه‌های منتخب ایران این آزمون به‌صورت کتبی برگزار می‌شود. البته، پیشنهاد می‌شود که برای بررسی تسلط دانشجو بر اصول و مبانی رشته مهندسی شیمی، آزمون جامع به‌صورت شفاهی هم برگزار شود. همچنین نتایج مطالعه تطبیقی نشان داد که در دانشگاه‌های منتخب آمریکا سرفصل و منابع این آزمون مشخص است و به دانشجویان اعلام می‌شود. این در حالی است که منابع و سرفصل این آزمون در دانشگاه‌های ایران مشخص نیست. همچنین در دانشگاه‌های آمریکا آزمون جامع شامل مبانی مهندسی شیمی است که بیشتر در سطح کارشناسی برگزار می‌شود، اما در دانشگاه‌های منتخب ایران آزمون جامع بیشتر در سطح  تخصیلات تکمیلی برگزار می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

COMPARATIVE STUDY AND COMPARISON OF THE METHOD OF PERFORMING THE QUALIFY EXAM IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AT SELECTED IRAN AND THE UNITED STATES UNIVERSITIES

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamreza Pazuki 1
  • Monireh Tadayyon 2
  • Manijeh Mirhashemi 3

1 Faculty Member/ Amirkabir University of Technology

2 Chemical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology

3 Chemical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology

چکیده [English]

Qualify exam (QE) is held in the transition phase from the educational step to the research step. The aim of this exam is to assess the abilities of educational phase. Accordingly, a comparative study on the implementation of QE in the selected US and Iranian universities has been studied in chemical engineering felid. The results showed that a comprehensive test is held in written or oral form or a combination of both. In most universities in Iran, this test is held in writing. It is suggested that a comprehensive oral exam be held to assess the principles of chemical engineering. The results showed that in the selected US universities, the syllabus and sources of the QE are announced to students. However, the sources and topics of this test in Iranian universities are not clear. Also, in US universities, the comprehensive exam is mostly held at the undergraduate level. But, in the selected universities of Iran, more QE are held at the master’s level

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Qualify exam (QE)
  • Chemical engineering
  • US Universities
  • Iranian Universities
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