نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشجوی دکتری مطالعات برنامه درسی گروه مطالعات برنامه درسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 گروه مطالعات برنامه درسی و آموزش دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد مشهد ایران

10.22047/ijee.2021.252421.1786

چکیده

مقاله حاضر در جستجوی شناخت نوع مواجهه با طراحی محیط‌های یادگیری کارآموزی دانشجویان رشته مهندسی است. روش تحقیق توصیفی و تحلیل اسناد بود. در تحلیل برنامه درسی تجربه شده، جامعه آماری شامل دانشجویان مهندسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد که واحد کارآموزی را گذرانده بودند و تعداد آنها 250 نفر می‌شد. تعداد 135 نفر با استفاده از فرمول کوکران به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند و به پرسش‌نامه محقق ساخته که شامل 23 گویه و مطابق با نه عنصر برنامه‌ درسی بود، پاسخ دادند. در تحلیل برنامه درسی قصد شده 6 سند برنامه درسی به‌صورت نمونه هدفمند انتخاب شد. نتایج با استفاده از آزمون ناپارامتریک خی دو یک بعدی (کای مربع) مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد، دانشجویان برنامه درسی تجربه‌شده را از لحاظ ابعادی مانند تناسب محتوا با فعالیت‌های حرفه‌ای و نیازهای علمی صنعت را مغفول(p<0/001) ‌و در بقیه موارد نوع طراحی آموزشی را به‌طور معناداری به‌صورت طراحی آموزشی جزءنگر (p<0/05) ارزیابی کردند. نتایج مربوط به برنامه درسی قصد‌شده از‌ طریق بررسی برنامه درسی مصوب وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری و ارزیابی طرح درس‌های اعضای هیئت علمی دانشکده مهندسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد نیز نشان داد که طراحی محیط‌های یادگیری کارآموزی مغفول مانده است. اتخاذ رویکرد کل‌نگر مبتنی‌بر محیط‌های یادگیری تکلیف‌محور به‌عنوان رویکرد بدیل در طراحی آموزشی کارآموزی پیشنهاد می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the current situation and identification of alternative approaches to internship learning environments in engineering curricula of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Karami 1
  • Azam Mohamadzadeh 2
  • Hosein Jafari Sani 3

1 Associate professor Curriculum and Instruction Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 PhD Student in Curriculum Studies Curriculum Studies department Mashhad Ferdowsi University

3 Department of curriculum studies and instruction Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Mashhad Iran

چکیده [English]

The present article is in search of identifying the type of exposure to designing internship learning environments for engineering students. The research method was descriptive and document analysis. In the analysis of the experienced curriculum, the statistical society included engineering students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad who had passed the internship unit and their number was 250 people. A total of 135 people were selected using the Cochran’s formula as a sample and answered a 
researcher-made questionnaire that consisted of 23 items and corresponded to the nine elements of the curriculum. In the intended curriculum analysis, 6 curriculum documents were selected as a targeted sample. The results were analyzed using one-dimensional chi-square test (chi-square). The results showed that students evaluated the experienced curriculum in terms of dimensions such as the relevance of content to professional activities and scientific needs of the industry (p <0.001) and in other cases significantly evaluated the type of educational design as partial educational design
 (p <0.05).The results of the intended curriculum by reviewing the curriculum approved by the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology and evaluating the curriculum of the faculty members of the Faculty of Engineering of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad also showed that the design of internship learning environments has been neglected. Adopting a holistic approach based on task-based learning environments is suggested as an alternative approach in internship training design. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • internship
  • Learning Environment
  • null curriculum
  • Task-based learning
  • Engineering training
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