نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آموزش

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده مدیریت واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران. گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده مدیریت

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده مدیریت، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

10.22047/ijee.2021.284757.1832

چکیده

 توسعه ارتباط صنعت و دانشگاه به‌دلیل اثرات و پیامدهای مثبت آن در ایجاد تحولات فناورانه، اقتصادی و اجتماعی مورد توجه برنامه‌ریزان و سیاست‌گذاران دانشگاهی و صنعت قرار داشته است. پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از مدل معادلات ساختاری به روش کمی ‌و‌ کیفی جهت بررسی مؤلفه‌های مؤثر در این ارتباط صورت پذیرفته است. با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 337 نفر از مجموع 1486 نفر جامعه پژوهش شامل رؤسای دانشگاه‌ها و دانشکده‌های دانشگاه آزاد مستقر در تهران و مراکز ارتباط با صنعت انتخاب گردیدند. جهت بررسی کمی از مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختار‌یافته و پرسش‌نامه تدوین‌شده توسط محقق استفاده گردید و تحلیل داده‌ها به دو روش توصیفی و استنباطی با استفاده از نرم‌افزارهای 16 SPSS و Smart PLS انجام شد. سه ‌بعد فردی (مؤلفه‌های فکری، نگرشی، مهارتی)، سازمانی (مؤلفه‌های قانونی و حقوقی، فرهنگی، مدیریتی) و محیطی (مؤلفه‌های ویژگی‌های صنعت، زیرساختی) به همراه چهارده مؤلفه و 55 شاخص استخراج گردید. برای بررسی برازش مدل، به بررسی X2, R و RS؛ پرداخته شد که وجود X2 پایین و نسبت کای‌دو به درجه آزادی کمتر از سه، نشان‌دهنده برازش مناسب مدل بود. در این میان بعد سازمانی با بار عاملی 979٪ بیشترین اولویت را به‌ خود اختصاص داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing a model of industry-university relationship in Tehran: Case study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fereshteh Hoseinloo 1
  • Afsaneh Zamane Moghadam 2
  • Reza Sorani Yancheshmeh 3

1 Master of Education, School of Nutrition

2 Author, Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Management, West Tehean Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Management, West Tehean Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Policy makers have always considered developing the relationship between industry and academia due to its positive effects on creating technological, economic, and social developments. The present study investigated the effective components on industry-university relationship through applying structural equation modeling based on quantitative and qualitative methods.  By applying Cochran’s formula, 337 experts out of 1486 study population were selected, including the deans of universities, faculty of the Azad University based in Tehran and heads of industry relations centers. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential methods using SPSS 16 and Smart PLS software. Three dimensions and their components including individual (intellectual, attitude, skill), organizational (legal and statutory, cultural, managerial), and environmental (industry, infrastructure) were extracted along with 14 components and 55 indicators. To check for the fit of the model, the X2, R and RS were calculated. The presence of low X2 and the ratio of chi-square to the degree of freedom less than three, indicated a good fit of the model. Comparatively, the organizational dimension with %979 operating load claimed the highest priority.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Industry-University Relationship
  • science and technology park
  • technology departments
  • knowledge-based plan
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