نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه آموزشی علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه آموزشی علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

10.22047/ijee.2022.309905.1860

چکیده

 رهبری در آموزش عالی نقشی اساسی در بهبود، توسعه و پایداری نهادی دارد و مدیران گروه‌ها از طریق رهبری آموزشی اعضای هیئت علمی را حول فرهنگ سازمانی منسجم و یکپارچه گرد هم آورده و اهداف و دورنمای گروه را برای آنان ترسیم می‌نمایند. براین‌اساس، هدف پژوهش حاضر توصیف تجربه زیسته مدیران گروه‌ها از فرایند رهبری آموزشی است. تجربه زیسته، همان درک و فهم مستقیم و بی‌واسطه از تجربیات در حیات عادی و روزمره است که بدون توسل به مفهوم‌سازی حاصل می‌شود. مطالعه حاضر به روش کیفی از نوع پدیدارشناسی و جامعه آماری مورد مطالعه کلیه مدیران گروه دانشکده فنی و مهندسی دانشگاه ارومیه به تعداد ۱۰ نفر است که به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. جمع‌آوری اطلاعات با استفاده از پروتکل مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختاریافته صورت گرفت. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از روش کلایزی استفاده گردید و کدگذاری متن مصاحبه‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار MAXQDA 18 انجام شد. یافته‌ها در ۶ مضمون ارزیابی تجربه مدیریت گروه، مسائل و چالش‌های مدیریت گروه، ملزومات مدیریت گروه، تعاملات در گروه، سبک رهبری گروه و دیدگاه نسبت به پست ریاست دسته‌بندی شد. بر این ‌اساس، مسائل ساختاری یکی از چالش‌های اساسی این تجارب است که با تجدیدنظر در وظایف و اختیارات، حمایت و پشتیبانی و اعمال شیوه صحیح انتخاب و آموزش مدیران گروه می‌توان از تنش و فشار کاری آنان کاست.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

PHENOMENOLOGY OF LIVED EXPERIENCE OF EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP OF HEADS OF EPARTMENT OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING OF URMIA UNIVERSITY

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azizeh Pashaie yousef kandi 1
  • Mohammad Hassani 2

1 - Ph.D. Student, Department of Educational Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

چکیده [English]

Leadership in higher education plays an essential role in improving, institutional development and sustainability, and department heads, through educational leadership, bring faculty members around a cohesive and integrated organizational culture and draw the group’s goals and vision for them. The purpose of this study is to describe the lived experience of department heads of the educational leadership process in the university. Lived experience is the direct and unmediated understanding of experiences in ordinary life that is achieved without resorting to conceptualization. The present study is a qualitative method of phenomenology and the statistical population studied is all the heads of the Department of Engineering and Technology of Urmia University, 10 people who were selected by purposive sampling. Data were collected using a semi-structured interview protocol. For data analysis, Colizzi method was used and the findings of the interview were coded using MAXQDA 18 software. The findings were evaluated and categorized in 6 themes: group management experience, group management issues and challenges, group management requirements, group interactions, group leadership style, and attitudes toward leadership. Accordingly, structural issues are one of the main challenges of these experiences that by reviewing the duties and powers, support and application and applying the correct method of selection and training of department heads can reduce their stress and pressure.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • educational leadership
  • group managers
  • lived experience
  • Phenomenology
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