نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علوم و فنون هوایی شهید ستاری

2 دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد مهندسی صنایع دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

10.22047/ijee.2022.298592.1849

چکیده

 بدیهی است دانشجویانی که سطوح بالایی از مهارت‏های مورد نیاز بازار کار را در خود پرورش داده‏اند، با استقبال کارفرمایان برای همراهی در سازمان‏ها روبه‏رو هستند. هدف پژوهش حاضر، شناسایی مهارت‏های مورد نیاز دانش‏آموختگان مهندسی صنایع جهت ورود به عرصه‏ کسب‏وکار و سپس رتبه‏بندی سه دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، امیرکبیر و خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی، از لحاظ میزان همخوانی مدل فکری اساتید دانشکده صنایع با مدل ذهنی دانش‏آموختگان شاغل در بازار کار است. با مطالعه منابع کتابخانه‏ای و مصاحبه با خبرگان اعم از اساتید دانشگاه و دانش‏آموختگان شاغل در بازار کار، فهرستی از مهارت‏های مورد نیاز دانش‏آموختگان مهندسی صنایع جهت ورود به بازار کار، شناسایی و در قالب یک مدل ارائه می‏شود. در مرحله بعد با استفاده از روش معادلات ساختاری، به اعتبارسنجی مدل پرداخته شده و در نهایت به رتبه‏بندی دانشکده‏های مورد مطالعه پرداخته می‏شود. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که مدل ذهنی اساتید با آنچه نیاز واقعی بازار کار است، همخوانی چندانی ندارد. در این بین هر چند شکاف محسوسی بین انطباق نیازهای مهارتی بازار کار و مدل ذهنی اساتید در هر سه  دانشکده مطالعه‏شده وجود دارد ولیکن بالاترین امتیاز از لحاظ میزان همخوانی مدل ذهنی اساتید و دانش‏آموختگان موفق شاغل در بازار کار، مربوط به دانشگاه علم و صنعت است. در پایان نیز راهکارهای عمومی و راهکارهای خاص هر دانشکده، جهت همخوانی هر چه بیشتر مهارت‏های مورد نیاز مهندسان صنایع در دانشگاه و محیط کسب‏وکار ارائه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

IDENTIFYING, PRIORITIZING AND EVALUATING THE DEGREE OF ADAPTABILITY OF THE SKILLS REQUIRED BY iNDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING GRADUATES TO ENTER THE LABOR MARKET

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamidreza Zarghami 1
  • Mostafa Jafari 2
  • Saeed IzadKhah 3

1 Shahid Sattari Aeronautical University of Science and Technology

2 IUST

3 IUST

چکیده [English]

It is obvious that students who have developed high levels of skills required by the labor market are welcomed by employers to accompany them in their organizations. The goal of this research; Identifying the skills required by industrial engineering graduates to enter the field of business and then ranking the three universities, Iran University of Science & Technology, Amirkabir and Khajeh Nasir al-Din Tusi. Comparison will be made in terms of the degree of compatibility of the intellectual model of the faculty of industry with the mental model of graduates working in the labor market. By studying library resources and interviewing experts, including university professors and graduates working in the labor market, a list of skills required by industrial engineering graduates to enter the labor market is identified and presented in the form of a model. In the next step, the model is validated using the structural equation method, and finally, the studied faculties are ranked. The results showed that the mental model of professors does not correspond to what is the real need of the labor market. In the meantime, although there is a significant gap between the adaptations of the skills needs of the labor market and the mental model of professors in all three faculties, the highest score in terms of compatibility of mental model of professors and successful graduates working in the labor market, is related to the Iran University of Science and Technology. Finally, general and specific solutions of each faculty are presented to match the skills required by industrial engineers in the university and the business environment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Business skills
  • skills prioritization
  • faculty professors
  • industrial engineering
  • graduate students
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