نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، آموزش مهندسی ، فنی ومهندسی ، دانشگاه تهران ، ایران ،

2 دانشیار بخش تخصصی پژوهش و سنجش؛ دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم‌تربیتی؛ دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22047/ijee.2022.342948.1913

چکیده

امروزه آزمایشگاه ‏های مجازی، نقش ویژه‏ای در آموزش یادگیری دارند. با توجه‏ به اهمیت روزافزون آزمایشگاه ‏های مجازی و آموزش مهندسی و شناخت ناکافی درباره دستاوردهای استفاده از آزمایشگاه‏های مجازی و از راه دور در آموزش مهندسی، این مطالعه در دستور کار قرار گرفت. از این‏رو در یک بررسی نظام‏مند، بر اساس دستورالعمل موارد ترجیحی در گزارش مقاله‏ های مروری منظم و فراتحلیل‌ها (پریزما) مقالات فهرست‏بندی‏شده در پایگاه ‏های داده اسکوپوس، گوگل اسکولار و ساینس دایرکت در بازه زمانی 2009 تا 2022، با استفاده از ترکیب کلیدواژه‏های "آزمایشگاه مجازی" یا "محیط ‏های یادگیری با واقعیت ترکیبی" یا "آزمایشگاه ‏های واقعیت مجازی" و "نتایج" و "آموزش مهندسی" یا "مهندسی" و مزایا و محدودیت‏ها یا آزمایشگاه‏های واقعیت مجازی مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. یافته‏ ها به شناسایی 12 دستاورد، هفت مزیت و شش محدودیت استفاده از آزمایشگاه‏  های مجازی و از راه دور در آموزش مهندسی منجر گردید. بر اساس یافته ‏ها، نتایج حاکی از آن است که در آینده نزدیک، آزمایشگاه ‏های مجازی به طور گسترده‏ای تقریباً در تمام زمینه‏ های آموزشی مورد استفاده قرار خواهند گرفت. همچنین نتایج، کمبود رویکردهای نظری و روش‏شناختی متنوعی را نشان می‏دهد که در آن مطالعات اساساً ارزیابی و به طور محدود بر تغییرات فردی در دانش محتوا متمرکز شده ‏اند. استفاده بهینه از دستاوردها، مزایا و محدودیت‏ های شناسایی‏‏ شده، می‏تواند ضمن کسب آمادگی و هم‏راستایی با الزامات آینده و آینده ‏نگری، به بهبود فضای موجود کمک نماید

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A systematic review of Outcomes, Benefits, and Limitations of using distance and virtual laboratories in engineering education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Akbari pordanjani 1
  • Keyvan Salehi 2

1 Master student, Engineering, Technical and Engineering Education, University of Tehran, Iran,

2 Associate professor, Division of Research and Assessment, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Today virtual laboratories play a special role in learning and training. Studies related to this field have been studied over a period of 14 years. The purpose of this study is to identify the outcome of using virtual and distance laboratories in engineering education. Thus, in a systematic review based on PRISMA guidelines, articles indexed in the Scopus, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect databases for the period 2009 to 2022, using a combination of the keywords “virtual laboratory” or “virtual lab” or “ mixed-reality learning environments” or “virtual reality laboratories”) and (“outcome”) and(“engineering education” or “engineering”)) and (“benefits, and limitations” or “virtual reality laboratories”) were examined. The findings led to the identification of 12 achievements, seven advantages and six limitations of using virtual laboratories in engineering education. Virtual laboratories have great potential in the scientific teaching of science and technology and technical training of qualified staff, which is reflected in the trend as educational resources in the twenty-first century. In the near future, virtual laboratories will be widely used in almost all fields of education. The results show the lack of a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches in which studies are fundamentally evaluated and focus exclusively on individual changes in content knowledge. Optimal use of the benefits and outcomes introduced in this study, can help to improve the existing space while gaining readiness and aligning with future and forward-looking requirements.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Futurology
  • virtual lab
  • distance lab
  • engineering education
  • engineering education limitation
  • outcomes benefits
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