نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار بخش مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

2 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی، مهندسی راه و ترابری، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

10.22047/ijee.2022.347932.1918

چکیده

پس از شیوع ویروس کرونا محدودیت ‏هایی در فعالیت ‏های مختلف در دنیا به اجرا گذاشته شد. یکی از زمینه‏ هایی که به ‏شدت دچار تغییر شد، شرایط دانشگاه‏ها بود. بدین ترتیب موضوع ارتباط الکترونیکی برای پیگیری امور آموزشی و پژوهشی مطرح شد. در این مقاله با استفاده از یک فرم نظرسنجی، تلاش شده تا وضعیت آموزش و پژوهش در رشتۀ مهندسی عمران، در دوران شیوع کرونا بر اساس نظرات دانشجویان ارزیابی گردد. نتایج نشان می‏دهد که دانشجویان کارشناسی از کیفیت یادگیری در این دوران رضایت نداشتند (حدود 66 درصد کمتر از متوسط) اما دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی کیفیت یادگیری در شیوۀ مجازی را مناسب ارزیابی کردند (حدود 21 درصد کمتر از متوسط). با توجه ‏به مشکلات ایجاد‏شده برای دروس عملی دورۀ کارشناسی (کمتر از 5 درصد برگزاری به شیوۀ حضوری) و نیز جمع ‏آوری داده‏های پایان‏نامه‏های تحصیلات تکمیلی در طول دورۀ شیوع بیماری کرونا (حدود 23 درصد با مشکل جدی)، افت فارغ ‏التحصیلان رشتۀ مهندسی عمران از دید عملی در سال‏های آینده قابل‏ انتظار خواهد بود. گسترش تقلب در آزمون‏ها (حدود 40 درصد) و نیز تفاوت در دسترسی به اینترنت و سامانه ‏های لازم جهت شرکت در کلاس‏های مجازی (حدود 42 درصد کمتر از حد متوسط)، موضوع عدالت آموزشی (حدود 50 درصد ناراضی) در این دو سال را دچار چالش کرد. در مجموع می‏توان گفت، آموزش و پژوهش در رشتۀ مهندسی عمران به شیوۀ مجازی نمی‏تواند به طور کامل جایگزین شیوه‏ های حضوری شود، اما از برخی قابلیت ‏های آن می‏توان در آینده به ‏عنوان مکمل آموزش حضوری استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

An evaluation of the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on education and research in civil engineering in Iran from students’ viewpoint

نویسندگان [English]

  • Navid Nadimi 1
  • Ali Zayandehroodi 2

1 Assistant Professor Shahid Bahonr University of Kerman

2 Ph.D. student Iran University of science and Technology

چکیده [English]

Around the world, various activities were restricted following the outbreak of the Corona virus. Among these changes was the situation of university activities. In order to pursue educational and research affairs, electronic communication was considered. Using a survey form, this article evaluates the status of education and research in the field of civil engineering of Iran during the Corona outbreak based on the opinions of students. The results show that undergraduate students were not satisfied with the quality of learning in this period (about 66% below the average), but graduate students assessed the quality of learning in a virtual way as appropriate (about 21% below the average). In the coming years, there is expected to be a decline in civil engineering graduates from a practical standpoint due to the problems created for the practical course of the undergraduate course (less than 5% were classroom learning) and the collection of data for postgraduate dissertations during the period of Covid-19 pandemic (about 23% had serious problems). The spread of examination fraud (about 40%), as well as the difference in internet access and the systems needed to participate in virtual classes (about 42% were unsatisfied), challenged the issue of educational equity (about 50% were unsatisfied). Generally, virtual education and research in civil engineering cannot completely replace face-to-face methods, but some of its capabilities can complement conventional methods in the future.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Covid-19
  • education and research
  • civil engineering
  • electronic communication
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