نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، بخش مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری مطالعات برنامه درسی

3 دانشگاه شیراز، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، بخش مدیریت

4 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران، شهر اهواز، ایران

5 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شهر شیراز، ایران

10.22047/ijee.2022.361978.1941

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، بررسی شایستگی‏های معناسازی صنعت‏محور دانشجویان مهندسی است. این پژوهش کیفی با استفاده از روش هفت‏مرحله‏ای ساندلوسکی و باروسو انجام شده است. گروه فراترکیب متشکل از سه نفر متخصص برنامه‏ریزی درسی و یک نفر متخصص در روش پژوهش فراترکیب بود. 107 منبع پژوهشی مرتبط، مبنای تحلیل قرار گرفت که نتیجه آن استخراج 11 مضمون مسئله‏یابی، موضوع‏یابی، انتخاب موضوع با هدف یافتن راه‏حل‏های جدید، تحلیل نیازهای اطلاعاتی، طراحی و تدوین ساختار جستجوی اطلاعات، اجرای فرایند جستجوی اطلاعات، ارزیابی فرایند جستجوی اطلاعات، تدوین ساختار حل مسئله بر اساس اطلاعات نهایی، اجرای حل مسئله، پیامدهای حل مسئله، تصمیم‏گیری نهایی در خصوص ساختار حل مسئله است. اعتبار داده‏ها با استفاده از فنون اعتبارپذیری، انتقال‏پذیری و همسوسازی داده‏ها و اعتمادپذیری به داده‏ها نیز با هدایت دقیق جریان جمع‏آوری اطلاعات و همسوسازی پژوهشگران تأیید شد. نتایج نشان دادند که معناسازی شایسته برای موفقیت در بسیاری از مشاغل، لازم است و فرد باید در محیطی پرتلاطم و پیچیده و در حالت غیرقطعی، توانایی تصمیم‏گیری، اقدام و تدوین نقشه عمل را داشته باشد. اساتید می‏توانند با آموزش معناسازی در فرایند تدریس، خلاقیت خویش را در کلاس درس نشان دهند و هنر تدریس اثربخش را با دانش علمی تلفیق کنند. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش، از یک‏ طرف می‏تواند تجارب وسیعی را در اختیار برنامه‏ریزان آموزشی قرار دهد و از طرف دیگر شناسایی مضامین احصاء‏شده در رویکرد معناسازی، تأثیر به سزایی بر بهبود کیفیت تدریس در حوزه آموزش مهندسی می‏گذارد که داشتن درک صحیح از این عوامل، برای دانشگاه و نظام آموزش عالی بسیار مهم است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Competence of industry-oriented sense making of engineering students - an integrated approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • mehdi mohammadi 1
  • solmaz khademi 2
  • ghasem salimi 3
  • Abdullah Parsa 4
  • fahimeh keshavarzi 5

1 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Management and Planning, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 phd student of Curriculum Studies

3 Shiraz university

4 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Management and Planning, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran, Ahvaz, Iran

5 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Management and Planning, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this research is to investigate the industry-oriented sense making competencies of engineering students. This qualitative research was carried out using the seven-step method of Sandlovski and Barroso. The metacomposite team consisted of three experts in curriculum planning and one expert in metacomposite research. 107 related research sources were used as the basis of the analysis, The result of which was extracting 11 themes of problem finding, finding a topic, choosing a topic with the aim of finding a new solution. Analyzing the information needs, designing and compiling the information search structure, implementing the information search process, evaluating the information search process, compiling the problem solving structure is based on the final information. Also the implementation of problem solving, the consequences of problem solving, and the final decision regarding the problem solving structure. The validity of the data was confirmed by using the techniques of reliability, transferability and alignment of data and trustworthiness of the data was also confirmed by the accurate guidance of the flow of information collection and alignment of the researchers. The results showed that proper sense making is necessary for success in many jobs, and a person must be able to make decisions, take action and develop an action plan in a turbulent and complex environment and in an uncertain state. Professors can show their creativity in the classroom by teaching sense making in the teaching process and combine the art of effective teaching with scientific knowledge. Based on the results of the research, on the one hand, it can provide educational planners with a wide range of experiences, on the other hand, the identification of themes analyzed in the sense masking approach has a significant impact on improving the quality of teaching in the field of engineering education. The correct understanding of these factors are very important for the university and the higher education system.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Competence
  • sense making
  • industry
  • engineering students
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