رباتیک شناختی - اجتماعی: رازها و نیازها

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

2 استادیار دانشکده علوم انسانی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ـ واحد تهران غرب

چکیده

فنّاوری رباتیک این روزها برنامه‌ های کاربردی خود را از کارخانه‌ ای به سمت کاربردهای عمومی‌ تری در جامعه، نظیر کاربرد رباتها در امور بالینی و توانبخشی، پرستاری کودکان و سالمندان، عملیات جست‌‌و‌جو و امداد، و غیره گسترش داده است. برای آنکه فنّاوری رباتیک بتواند در چنین محیط‌هایی موفق عمل کند، لازم است به سطح جدیدی از توانمندی، مهارتهای فیزیکی، و قابلیّتهای هوشی و شناختی ارتقا یابد. در مسیر طراحی و ساخت رباتهای اجتماعی ـ شناختی چالشهای زیادی پیشِ روی انسان قرار دارد که یکی از بزرگ‌ترین آنها ساخت رباتهایی منطبق با نیازها و انتظارات ذهن انسان است. نحوۀ برقراری ارتباط ما با ماشینهایی با اشکال فیزیکی باکیفیت‌تر و باروح‌تر با نوع تعامل با یک رایانه، تلفن همراه یا دیگر ابزارهای هوشمند متفاوت است. لازم است این تفاوتها را درک کنیم تا بدانیم چگونه از این تفاوت به‌ عنوان اهرمی قدرتمند بهره ببریم. در این مقاله حوزۀ نوین و چند رشته‌ ای رباتیک اجتماعی ـ شناختی و تأثیر فنّاوریهای نوظهور در آموزش (یا به عبارت دیگر کاربرد مهندسی در آموزش) و کمک‌ درمان معرفی شده‌اند. به‌علاوه، با ارائۀ ویژگیهای کلیدی و برخی موضوعات پژوهشی راههای ورود به این زمینۀ علمی نشان داده شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Cognitive-Social Robotics: Mysteries and Needs

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Meghdari 1
  • Minoo Alemi 2
1 Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Tehran West, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In recent years robotic technology has extended its applications beyond the factory and is now used for more general-purpose practices in society, such as in clinical affairs and rehabilitation, child and elderly care, search and rescue operations, and many other areas. However for robotic technology to be successful in such fields, it is necessary to reach new levels of ability, robustness, physical skills, cognitive ability and intelligence. When designing and constructing social-cognitive robots one faces many challenges, the most significant of which is to build robots which live up to the needs and expectations of the human mind. How we communicate with machines with a higher quality physical appearance and machines which look alive differs from the way we interact with a computer, cell phone, or other smart devices. It is necessary, therefore, to be aware of such differences and know how to take advantage of them. In this paper, we discuss the emerging and interdisciplinary field of cognitive and social robotics, in particular robot assisted treatments, and the effect of modern technology on education(in other words, the application of engineering in education). Moreover, through the introduction of key features and some research topics, several different opportunities to join this scientific field have been suggested.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Robots
  • cognitive
  • educational
  • Clinical
  • and Rehabilitation Robotics
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