نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز
2 استاد دانشگاه شیراز، دانشکده مهندسی
چالشهای جهانی نظیر تغییرات اقلیمی، امنیت منابع انرژی و غذا، فقر و حقوق بشر در سالهای اخیر به طور جدی مورد توجه قرار گرفتهاند. راهکارهای ارائهشده توسط سیاستگذاران و محققان مشخصاً نتوانسته است در مقیاس جهانی مؤثر واقع شود. برای نمونه، هنوز حدود یکسوم جمعیت زمین از دسترسی کافی به آب آشامیدنی سالم محروم هستند، اثرات مخرب گرمایش جهانی سلامت محیطزیست و مردم را به خطر انداخته و در اقصی نقاط جهان فقر نسبی و منازعه گستردهتر شده است. این عوامل منجر به اهمیت نگاه جهانی و آیندهنگر به توسعه پایدار شده است. از آنجایی که مفهوم پایداری دارای پیچیدگیهای ذاتی و ماهیت میانرشتهای با ابعاد اقتصادی، زیستمحیطی و اجتماعی است، آموزش توسعه پایدار در همه رشتههای دانشگاهی، به خصوص برای دانشجویان مهندسی، ضروری به نظر میرسد. این مقاله با توصیف ویژگیهای آموزش مهندسی پایدار و بررسی جامع مقالات داخلی و خارجی در این زمینه، سعی در ارائه راهکاری برای گنجاندن ابعاد فرارشتهای توسعه پایدار در برنامه درسی دانشجویان مهندسی دارد. در همین راستا، درونمایه درسی واحد با تأکید بر تقویت دانش اجتماعی مهندسان و افزایش توانایی ایشان در یافتن و درک اثرات متقابل ابعاد مختلف پایداری پیشنهاد و تحلیل شد. تشریح شد که چنین درسی میتواند مهندسان آینده را آماده روبهرو شدن و یافتن پاسخ پایدار برای چالشهای پیچیده دنیای کنونی کند.
عنوان مقاله [English]
ENGINEERING EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE EVELOPMENT: FEATURES, LITERATURE REVIEW AND A HOLISTIC FRAMEWORK PROPOSAL
- hamed Yazdanei 1
- Mahmood Yaghoubi 2
2 Professor Shiraz University, Faculty of Engineering
Global challenges regarding climate changes, food and energy resources security, poverty and human rights have received serious attention in the recent years. The solutions provided by policy-makers and researchers have clearly not been able to be effective on a global scale. For instance, nearly one-third of the world’s population do not have enough access to safe drinking water, the devastating effects of global warming pose threats to environment and people’s health and relative poverty and conflicts have spread in many parts of the world. These situations alert global and futuristic perspectives to the sustainable development. Since the concept of sustainability is inherently complex with interdisciplinary nature including economic, environmental and social aspects, it requires sustainable development education in all fields of university study, especially for engineering students. By describing the characteristics of sustainable engineering education and a domestic and foreign literature review in this field, this article tries to provide a scheme to include the interdisciplinary aspects of sustainable development in the curriculum of engineering students. In this regard, the subject of an integrated course was proposed and analyzed with emphasis on strengthening the social knowledge of engineers and increasing their ability to find and understand the mutual effects of different aspects of sustainability. It was argued that such a subject could prepare future engineers to confront and find sustainable solutions to the complex challenges of the modern world.
- Sustainable development
- sustainability education
- engineering education
- fourth-generation university
- qualitative analysis
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