سیر تکاملی مخابرات خطوط قدرت: از یک سیستم تلفن ثابت تا فناوری مخابراتی شبکه هوشمند انرژی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشگاه تحصیلات تکمیلی صنعتی و فناوری پیشرفته، پژوهشگاه علوم و تکنولوژی پیشرفته و علوم محیطی،

10.22047/ijee.2019.156087.1591

چکیده

فناوری مخابرات خطوط قدرت با بهره­گیری از شبکه قدرت و سیم­کشی­های آن در همه سطوح ولتاژ به­عنوان یک بستر مخابراتی نسبت به ارسال و دریافت اطلاعات اقدام می­کند. بی­نیازی به سیم­کشی و نصب زیرساخت جدید برای پیاده­سازی این فناوری به­همراه ضریب نفوذ بالای شبکه برق در سطح دنیا و دسترسی آسان به آن ازجمله مهم­ترین دلایل روی­آوری به این فناوری و گسترش روزافزون آن در طی سالیان متمادی بوده­اند. امروزه، با گذشت بیش از یک قرن از عمر این فناوری، سیستم­های مخابرات خطوط قدرت موجود در قالب سه دسته عمده سیستم­های فوق­باریک­باند، باریک­باند و پهن­باند قابل تقسیم­بندی است که طراحی هر کدام بر مبنای کاربرد و استانداردی خاص است. این مقاله به بررسی جامع سیر تکاملی این فناوری در قالب دسته­بندی فوق اختصاص دارد که شامل مباحث مختلفی از تاریخچه، مزایا، چالش­های مخابراتی و گستره وسیع کاربری این فناوری تا معرفی پروژه­های استانداردسازی جهانی، تجهیزات و سازندگان آنها و نقش کلیدی آن در هوشمندسازی شبکه قدرت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evolution of power line communications: From a fixed telephone system to telecommunication technology of smart energy grid

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohsen Sheikh-Hosseini
Department of Computer and Information Technology, Institute of Science and High Technology and Environmental Sciences, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
Abstract­- Power line communications (PLC) technology utilizes the power grid infrastructure and its wiring as a communications channels for information transmission and reception. No need to install of new structure and wiring together with the wide spread availability and easy accessibility of power grids are the main reasons for appearance and development of this technology over the years. Nowadays, one century after the discovery of this technology, existing PLC systems can be subdivided under three main classes of ultra-narrowband, narrowband and broadband systems, where, each one has been dedicated for a special application and is based on a specific standard. Within the framework of aforementioned grouping, this paper provides a comprehensive study on the historical evolution of this technology which includes from the historical review, advantages, telecommunication challenges and application areas of this technology to the presentation of worldwide standardization projects, equipment and their providers, and its key role on making the future gird smarter.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Frequency bandwidth
  • data rate
  • Ultra-Narrowband
  • Narrowband and Broadband Systems
  • Smart Energy Grid
  • Power line communications Technology

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