Document Type : Scientific - Research


Management and Accounting Dept., University of Zanjan, Zanjan-Iran


The issue of student motivation has always been of interest to researchers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of professors’ ethical behavior on students’ self-efficacy and motivation. The research was conducted as a survey among students of Zanjan University. 274 students by using convenient sampling participated in this study. Data were collected using questionnaire in person and online. SPSS and AMOS software were used to analyze the data. Findings showed that professors’ adherence to professional ethics has a significant effect on students’ self-efficacy and motivation. The effect of self-efficacy on student motivation was also significant. Self-efficacy plays a mediating role in the relationship between professors’ ethical behavior and student motivation. The results of the mean test showed that there was no significant difference in research variables between students of different faculties. The critical ratio of the difference between the parameters showed that the research model did not differ significantly according to gender. The research model did not differ significantly between engineering and humanities students, but in one path (the effect of professional ethics on motivation) between engineering and science students, and students of humanities and sciences (the effect of professional ethics on self-efficacy) was significant. 


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