عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The condition of Human Resources utilization is the main item for optimization of Resources and then sustainable development. Potential H. R. of every country is measured by population in activity age (15-64). The first instance of human resources wastage (h. R. W.) is the percentage of inactive population, or reverse of participation rate. The second index is measured by unemployment rate (job seekers). The mentioned figures in Iran are 61. 21% and 14% respectively. Its obvious that real wastage will be more if we consider long term and hidden unemployment, as well as underemployment. Addition to these the unemployment rate of graduated (16.4%) and youth unemployment (21%) are another features of H. R. W. Employees distribution in various economic activities, sectors and main job groups, also would appear another dimentions of H. R. W that unfortunately in condition of incorrect policies would be intensified. Once more, some estimates of knowledge intensivity in economy of Iran indicates low level of codified knowledge (expert) utilization, which will be worsened. Minimizing H. R. W. depended on: Full (maximum) employment of potential labor force. Enough vacancy for economic participates. Competitive and innovative environment for matching experts to public need. The first two condition needs to efficient implementation of active labor market policies flexible labor market through improving statues varied labor contracts, reform of payment systems and labor market transitions. For the third one, competitiveness of economic activities, specially transfer of public affairs and support to higher education system and innovation system are important that leads to some duties for state. N the way of H. R. W. Prevention, science and technology development though creating labor- intensive jobs and human capital development, as well as innovation, can be helpful.