عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In this article, the term, national resources, refers to natural resources present under and on the ground, and manual or mental products of man. There are also other resources that may be termed human resources. Examples include time and physical and mental power of people living in a region. Ignoring talented people or being careless about their appropriate training is considered a kind of national resource wastage by scientists who study national resources and the ways of their wastage prevention. In the developed countries of the world, not only the experts of production and distribution of natural resources but also sociologists and social psychologists cooperate for the prevention of the wastage of such resources. The research findings of these scientists have shown that for the prevention of this social damage at first we should change customers’ behavior, i. e., the change of their behavior along with their current wasting habit into an economic and sensible behavior. This change demands two policies. The first is power-coercive and the second in individuals and society and decent habits originating from it. As social psychological research has shown, this method is not effective in the short term but has a profound impact in the long term. In this article, at first the author introduces the building blocks of the culture of prevention, culture of prevention, then examines the obstacles to the formation of this culture and finally enumerates essentials and methods of formation of the culture of wastage prevention of resources. It will be shown that such a culture will be institutionalized mainly through the education system in its broad sense.