نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
1 عضو هیات علمی گروه نوآوری آموزشی و درسی ، موسسه پژوهش و برنامه ریزی آموزش عالی
2 دانشآموخته دکتری مدیریت آموزش عالی و پژوهشگر موسسه پژوهش و برنامهریزی آموزش عالی.
پژوهش حاضر با هدف مطالعه قلدری دانشگاهی در گروههای آموزشی دانشگاههای دولتی شهر تهران انجام شد. رویکرد پژوهش کمّی از نوع مطالعات همبستگی و روش تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه است. جامعه آماری اعضای هیئت علمی دانشگاههای دولتی که از روش نمونهگیری تصادفی طبقهای 532 نفر انتخاب شدند. یافتهها بیانگر آن است که قلدری در میان اعضای هیئت علمی در هر دو گروه نسبتاً متوسط و زنان با مرتبه علمی مربی در وضعیت استخدامی رسمی - آزمایشی قلدری اجتماعی را بیشتر تجربه کردهاند. بین قلدری و وضعیت تأهل از منظر آماری در هر دو گروه اختلاف معنادار وجود ندارد. نتایج نشان داد که عوامل سازمانی و فردی با قلدری رابطه معنادار دارد و تغییرات واریانس قلدری در میان اعضای هیئت علمی را در سطح بالایی تبیین میکند. بر پایه نتایج آزمون رگرسیون عوامل سازمانی نسبت به عوامل فردی با قدرت بیشتری در گروه علوم انسانی قلدری را پیشبینی میکند و از میان مؤلفههای تشکیلدهنده عوامل سازمانی، عوامل قوانین و مقررات و رهبری دانشگاهی، ضمن داشتن رابطه معنادار و غیرمستقیم با قلدری، نسبت به دیگر مؤلفهها قدرت بیشتری در تبیین قلدری دارند. در گروه فنی و مهندسی عوامل فردی نسبت به عوامل سازمانی با قدرت بیشتری قلدری را پیشبینی میکنند و از میان عوامل سازمانی در این گروه دو مؤلفه فرهنگ سازمانی و رهبری دانشگاهی، ضمن داشتن رابطه معنادار و غیرمستقیم با قلدری، نسبت به دیگر مؤلفهها قدرت بیشتری در تبیین قلدری دارند.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Study of Academic Bullying in educational departments; Case study (humanities and engineering departments)
- zahra rashidi 1
- shadi rouhani 2
1 Assistant Professor of the department of educational innovation and training, institute for research and planning in higher education, tehran, iran
2 Ph.D. Graduate of Higher education and Researcher at institute for research and planning in higher education, Tehran, Iran
The aim of the study was to identify the workplace bullying in academia among faculties of humanities and engineering departments. A descriptive-analytical research design was employed in this study and correlation studies along with multiple regression analysis methods were used. The population under the study included faculty members of humanities and engineering departments in public universities of Tehran form which 532 members were selected through random sampling. It could be understood that assistant instructor women with tenure position in the university have experienced social bullying more than other types. Meanwhile, there was no significant difference between bullying and marital status of faculties in both groups. The results indicated that there is a significant relation between bullying and organizational and individual factors which highly predict the changes in bullying. Regarding the bullying in humanities and according to the results of regression test, organizational factors in comparison with individual factors predicts the bullying more significantly. Moreover, among the five components of organizational factors, two factors of rules and regulations and academic leadership, while having a significant and indirect relationship with bullying, more strongly describe bullying in workplace. Regarding the engineering department, individual factors predict the workplace bullying more highly than organizational factors. So that, among the organizational factors in this group, two components of organizational culture and academic leadership, while having a significant and indirect relationship with bullying, have more power in describing bullying.
- public universities of Tehran
- humanities department
- engineering department
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