نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زبانهای خارجی دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران. دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران. تهران. ایران

2 گروه زبانهای خارجی. دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

10.22047/ijee.2021.282288.1826

چکیده

 با گسترش فناوری و آموزش از راه دور، نیاز به اساتید متبحر در زمینه آموزش الکترونیکی افزایش یافته است. از آن جایی‌که مدیریت کلاس‌های برخط با کلاس‌های سنتی متفاوت بوده و مهارت‌های خاص خود را می‌طلبد، در پژوهش حاضر تلاش شد راهبرد‌ها و راهکارهای مختلف برای مدیریت چالش‌های کلاس‌های برخط از دیدگاه اساتید مهندسی و علوم پایه بررسی شود. شرکت‌کنندگان در این پژوهش ۳۸ تن از اساتید دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران در رشته‌های مهندسی و علوم پایه بودند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسش‌نامه مدیریت کلاس‌های برخط بود که توسط محققین تهیه شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها حاکی از آن بود که اکثریت اساتید از هر دو گروه، تمایل به حل مشکلات و مسائل کلاس‌های برخط داشته و روش‌های تعاملی را ترجیح می‌دادند. راهبرد‌های ارتباطی و دانشجو‌محور، توجه به نیازها و علایق دانشجویان و تشویق و ترغیب آنها بالاترین میزان فراوانی را در میان راهبرد‌های مطرح‌شده داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

ONLINE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT: VIEWS OF BASIC SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING FAULTY MEMBERS OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahar Amirkhani 1
  • Mahboubeh Taghizadeh 2

1 Department of Foreign Languages, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Foreign Languages, Iran University of Science and Technology

چکیده [English]

With the exponential growth in technology and distance education, the need for skilled and qualified instructors in the field of e-learning has increased. Since classroom management in online environments is different from that of traditional classrooms, requiring special skills and strategies. The present study examined different strategies for managing challenges of online classroom from the perspectives of engineering and basic sciences instructors. Participants of this study were 38 faculty members of Iran University of Science and Technology in the fields of engineering and basic sciences. The instrument was a questionnaire on online classroom management with 17 challenging situations developed by the researchers. Data analysis showed that the majority of instructors from both groups tended to solve problems and issues of online classes and preferred interactive strategies. Communicative and student-centered strategies, paying attention to the needs and interests of students, and encouraging them received the highest frequency among the proposed strategies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Online teaching
  • faculty members
  • basic sciences instructors
  • online classroom management
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