نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

هیات علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

10.22047/ijee.2022.349634.1924

چکیده

تصویر‏سازی ابزاری آموزشی برای پشتیبانی هدف‏ های یادگیری و تقویت خلاقیت است. تصویر‏سازی در بهینه ‏سازی روش‏های آموزش، نقش اساسی دارد. در روش پیشنهادی، راهکار تشابه و تناقض در خلق تصویر در آموزش معرفی می‏شود. ارتباط خاصی بین دو تصویر در قالب یک کارت، وجود دارد. دو تصویر یک نکته علمی را بیان می‏کنند، ولی در عین‏ حال، تشابه و تناقضی نیز در دو طرف کارت وجود دارد. هدف از این روش افزایش جذابیت، ایجاد انگیزه در فرایند یادگیری است که به تقویت مهارت‏های شناختی‏- ‏‏دیداری دانشجویان کمک می‏کند. به ‏کارگیری این کارت‏ها به طور فردی و یا گروهی قابل پیاده ‏سازی است. ایده پیشنهادی نه‏ تنها برای آموزش‏ دادن می‏تواند به کار گرفته شود، بلکه جهت ارزشیابی سطح یادگیری دانشجویان نیز سودمند است. روش‏های آزمون گوناگونی در سطح پیشرفته نیز معرفی می‏شود. با توجه ‏به جدول شناختی بلوم، به کمک این روش، سطح یادگیری دانشجو در حوزه شناختی در سطح‏ های میانی و بالای این هرم، قابل‏ سنجش است. این روش در قالب‏های متفاوت از قبیل آزمون، تکلیف و پرسش اجرا شده است. تجربه به‏ دست‏ آمده از چندین سال اجرا، نشان از مشارکت عالی دانشجویان دارد. در نظرسنجی از دانشجویان، ماندگاری مناسب در ذهن و درک بهتر مطالب علمی از برتری‏های برجسته روش پیشنهادی برشمرده شده است

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Design and use of similarity and contradiction cards in image creation for engineering education and student evaluation

نویسنده [English]

  • Roghayeh Gavagsaz-Ghoachani

Shahid Beheshti University

چکیده [English]

Visualization plays an essential role in optimizing teaching methods. In the proposed method, the solution of similarity and contradiction in image creation in education is introduced. There is a special connection between two images in the form of a card. Images express a special scientific point, but at the same time, there are similarities and contradictions on both sides of the card. The purpose of this method is to increase the attractiveness, create motivation in the learning process, which helps to strengthen the visual-cognitive skills of students. These cards can be used individually or in groups. The proposed idea can be used not only for teaching, but also for evaluating the students’ learning level. Various test methods are also introduced at the advanced level. According to the cognitive table of Bloom’s theory, with the help of this method, the student’s learning level in the cognitive field can be measured in the middle and upper levels of this pyramid. The experience obtained from several years of implementing this method shows the excellent participation of students. In a survey, proper persistence in the mind and better understanding of scientific materials are among the prominent advantages of the proposed method.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Engineering education
  • similarity
  • contradiction
  • visualization
  • evaluation
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