نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه

2 دانشگاه تبریز

10.22047/ijee.2021.260157.1797

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدف پیش‌بینی متغیرهای فرسودگی تحصیلی و اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی دانشجویان فنی مهندسی بر اساس متغیرهای تفکر انتقادی و روحیه کارآفرینی انجام یافته است. روش پژوهش توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش کلیه دانشجویان کارشناسی فنی و مهندسی دانشگاه تبریز بودند که به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای تک‌مرحله‌ای و با استفاده از جدول مورگان تعداد 318 نفر (121 دختر و 197 پسر) به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از ابزارهای پرسش‌نامه تفکر انتقادی ریکتس، روحیه کارآفرینی بهرام‌زاده و همکاران، فرسودگی تحصیلی برسو و همکاران و اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی سواری استفاده شد. جهت تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون T تک‌نمونه‌ای، آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه (ANOVA)، ضرایب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد میزان متغیرهای تفکر انتقادی و روحیه کارآفرینی بالاتر از حد متوسط بوده و میزان متغیرهای فرسودگی و اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی پایین‌تر از حد متوسط می‌باشد. همچنین متغیر تفکر انتقادی با ضریب بتای (20/0-=B) متغیر اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی را 14/0 و با ضریب بتای (30/0-=B) متغیر فرسودگی تحصیلی را 22/0 به‌طور منفی پیش‌بینی می‌کند اما پیش‌بینی روحیه کارآفرینی معنادار نیست. به‌طورکلی نتایج نشان داد متغیر تفکر انتقادی نقش معناداری در پیش‌بینی فرسودگی و اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی دانشجویان فنی و مهندسی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of critical thinking and entrepreneurial spirit in predicting burnout and academic procrastination of engineering students

نویسندگان [English]

  • davoud tahmasebzadeh sheikhlar 1
  • ay san pashaeifakhr 2
  • fateme kashi 2

1 faculty memeber

2 university of tabriz

چکیده [English]

 The present study was conducted to predict the variables of academic burnout and academic procrastination of engineering students based on the variables of critical thinking and entrepreneurial spirit. The research method was descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of the study was all undergraduate and engineering students of Tabriz University who were selected as a sample by one-stage cluster sampling method using Morgan table (311 girls and 197 boys). Data were collected using the Ricketts Critical Thinking Questionnaire, Bahramzadeh et al.’s entrepreneurial spirit, Berso et al.’s academic burnout, and riding academic procrastination. Data were analyzed using one-way t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the rate of variables of critical thinking and entrepreneurial spirit is above average and the rate of variables of burnout and academic procrastination is lower than average. Also, the critical thinking variable with beta coefficient (B=-0.20) negatively predicts academic procrastination variable 0.14 and with beta coefficient (B= -0.30) predicts academic burnout variable 0.22 but predicts entrepreneurial spirit is significant. is not. In general, the results showed that the critical thinking variable has a significant role in predicting burnout and academic procrastination of technical and engineering students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • critical thinking
  • Entrepreneurial Spirit
  • Academic burnout
  • academic procrastination
  • engineering
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